Penny Kittle, a veteran English Language Arts teacher, argues that our students are readers and writers, and we need to teach them as such. We need to help students see themselves as writers. She says all writers need time, choice, response, vision, and expectations, and 
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a.k.a Sketchnoting, Graphic Visualization or Edu-Sketching “Bits and pieces of knowledge quickly go away.  Edu-Sketching helps meld those pieces together for a more coherent-thus, memorable-whole.”  Wendy Pillars As teachers, you may be looking for ways to help your students remember the content they are learning about. 
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What It Is The Frayer Model is a graphic organizer with four or five specific sections. It is designed to help students understand academic vocabulary or concepts. The sections have students define the term, describe characteristics of the term, provide examples and non-examples, and may 
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Anticipation Guides What It Is Anticipation guides are a type of graphic organizer. They have a list of 5-7 statements, related to the topic students are studying, and students are required to agree or disagree with the statement. Anticipation guides are used before learning and 
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Feedback is an essential component of the assessment, and learning, process. John Hattie has described feedback as “the most powerful single moderator that enhances achievement” (1999). Feedback for students needs to be timely and specific, in order to move learning forward. There are many effective 
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Lectures and direct teaching have received a “bad rep” in education over the past decade or so. Echos of boredom, teacher control, and dis-engagement from students are often associated with the idea of lecturing. One imagines large lecture halls in universities where professors speak from 
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Metacognition, though it sounds tricky, can be an effective way for students and teachers to reflect on their own learning and take their learning to the next level. Essentially, metacognition happens when one thinks about their own thinking. Metacognition in the classroom should be explicit, 
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Teachers are consistently challenged with meeting the needs of diverse learners within the classroom environment.  As every learner is an individual, so are their learning needs. So what does this look like in the classroom? If all of our learners are unique with a variety 
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One of the challenges teachers face today is finding ways to bring the math curriculum to life in their classrooms. Vanessa Page at Drumheller Valley Secondary School wanted her students to learn math in connection to the real world.  To accomplish this, she begins each 
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What is non-linguistic representation anyway?  Really it’s just a fancy way to say representing learning without a focus on words. Non-linguistic strategies help students represent their understanding using mental images, imagery, creating pictures, or engaging in kinesthetic activity. This allows them to store information in 
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